Coronary heart disease (CHD)

Also known as ischaemic heart disease (IHD) or coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary heart disease occurs when there is a buildup of fatty material known as plaque in the coronary arteries.

The heart is the most important muscle in the body as it pumps blood to the body. It also has its own blood supply via the coronary arteries. When there is buildup of plaque, this gradually narrows the arteries and stiffens the walls, reducing the flow of blood to the heart muscle.

Most people are not aware they have CHD until they experience symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath or have a heart attack. Risk Factors for CHD include:

  • Being physically inactive
  • Being overweight or obese 
  • Unhealthy eating   Smoking
  • Diabetes 
  • High blood pressure 
  • High cholesterol 
  • Family history of coronary heart disease

For more information on coronary heart disease.
Coronary heart disease | Heart Foundation
For more information on cholesterol.
Blood cholesterol | Heart Foundation